A History and Complete Chronology of Númenor

Part 3: Complete Chronology of Arnor and Gondor

compiled by Stephen Geard


In the table below:

 

The names of the Kings, Stewards, Ruling Sewards, Princes and Thains are highlighted indicating the year in which their reign commenced.

Years of the Second Age ...
3320 ELENDIL, First High King of Arnor and Gondor, b. SA 3119, d. SA 3441
ISILDUR, b. SA 3209, d. TA 2 and ANÁRION, b. SA 3219, d. SA 3440, Co-Regents of Gondor
Foundation of the Kingdoms in Exile.
Arnor, the Northern Kingdom, is established in Eriador. It is ruled directly by Elendil. Its capital city is Annuminas.
Gondor, the Southern Kingdom, is established further south, around the mouth of the Anduin. It is ruled jointly by Elendil's sons Isildur and Anárion. Its capital city is Osgiliath.[1]
Isildur plants a seedling of the White Tree in Minas Ithil.
The seven palantíri are divided. Three in Arnor: in Annuminas, the Tower of Amon Sûl, and the tower Elostirion upon the Emyn Beraid. And four in Gondor: the Master-Stone in Osgiliath, and lesser Stones in Minas Anor, Minas Ithil, and Angrenost.
Sauron returns to Mordor.
3339 Birth of Aratan, second son of Isildur. He was born in Gondor.
3379 Birth of Ciryon, third son of Isildur. He was born in Minas Ithil.
3429-3441 The War of the Last Alliance.
Sauron attacks Gondor, takes Minas Ithil, and burns the White Tree (3429). Isildur escapes down the Anduin and sails to Elendil in the North. Anárion defends Osgiliath. Gil-galad and Elendil forge the Last Alliance of Elves and Men (3430). They march east to Imladris (3431). Their armies cross the Misty Mountains, defeat Sauron's forces at the Battle of Dagorlad, enter Mordor, and besiege the Barad-dûr (3434). Anárion slain (3440). Sauron comes forth and challenges Gil-galad and Elendil to combat. He is vanquished, but they perish in the deed (3441). Isildur takes the One Ring. End of the Second Age.
3430 Birth of Valandil, fourth son of Isildur, third High King of Arnor. He was born in Imladris.
3441 ISILDUR, Second High King of Arnor and Gondor, b. SA 3209, d. TA 2
He passed the throne of Gondor to his nephew Meneldil in TA 2.
Years of the Third Age ...
2 MENELDIL, Third King of Gondor, b. SA 3318, d. TA 158
Isildur plants a seedling of the White Tree in Minas Arnor.

The Disaster of the Gladden Fields. Isildur and his sons Elendur, Aratan, and Ciryon attacked and slain whilst marching to the North. The One Ring is lost into the Anduin.
10 VALANDIL, Third High King of Arnor, b. SA 3430, d. TA 249
109 Elrond marries Celebrían, daughter of Galadriel and Celeborn.
130 Birth of Elladan and Elrohir, twin sons of Elrond.
158 CEMENDUR, Fourth King of Gondor, b. SA 3430, d. TA 238
238 EÄRENDIL, Fifth King of Gondor, b. TA 48, d. TA 324
241 Birth of Arwen, daughter of Elrond.
249 ELDACAR, Fourth High King of Arnor, b. TA 87, d. TA 339
324 ANARDIL, Sixth King of Gondor, b. TA 136, d. TA 411
339 ARANTAR, Fifth High King of Arnor, b. TA 185, d. TA 435
411 OSTOHER, Seventh King of Gondor, b. TA 222, d. TA 492
420 Ostoher rebuils Minas Arnor.
435 TARCIL, Sixth High King of Arnor, b. TA 280, d. TA 515
490 First attack on Gondor by the Easterlings.
492 RÓMENDACIL I TAROSTAR, Eighth King of Gondor, b. TA 310, d. TA 541
500 Rómendacil I defeats the Easterlings.
515 TARONDOR, Seventh High King of Arnor, b. TA 372, d. TA 602
541 TURAMBAR, Ninth King of Gondor, b. TA 397, d. TA 667
Rómendacil I falls in battle with the Easterlings.
602 VALANDUR, Eighth High King of Arnor, b. TA 462, d. TA 652
652 ELENDUR, Ninth High King of Arnor, b. TA 552, d. TA 777
Valandur is slain, in unrecorded circumstances.
667 ATANATAR I, Tenth King of Gondor, b. TA 480, d. TA 748
748 SIRIONDIL, Eleventh King of Gondor, b. TA 570, d. TA 830
777 EÄRENDUR, Tenth High King of Arnor, b. TA 640, d. TA 861
830 TARANNON FALASTUR, Twelfth King of Gondor, b. TA 654, d. TA 913
He was the first childless king and was succeded by Eärnil, the son of his brother Tarciryan.
861 AMLAITH, First King of Arthedain, b. TA 726, d. TA 946
Division of Arnor. With the death of Eärendur, owing to dissension among his sons, Arnor was divided into three smaller kingdoms: Arthedain, Cardolan, and Rhudaur. Amlaith, the eldest son of Eärendur, became the first king of Arthedain. Only the names of the kings of Arthedain are recorded.
913 EÄRNIL I, Thirteenth King of Gondor, b. TA 736, d. TA 936
933 Eärnil I captures Umbar, which becomes a fortress of Gondor.
936 CIRYANDIL, Fourteenth King of Gondor, b. TA 820, d. TA 1015
Eärnil I lost at sea.
946 BELEG, Second King of Arthedain, b. TA 811, d. TA 1029
c. 1000 Around this time the Sauron first entered Mirkwood and the Istari came to Middle-earth from the West.
1015 HYARMENDACIL I CIRYAHER, Fifteenth King of Gondor, b. TA 899, d. TA 1149
Ciryandil slain in the seige of Umbar.
1029 MALLOR, Third King of Arthedain, b. TA 895, d. TA 1110
1050 Hyarmendacil I conquers the Harad and lifts the seige of Umbar.
The Harfoots (Periannath) enter Eriador.
c. 1100 The Wise discover that an evil power has made stronghold at Dol Guldor, they think it one of the Nazgûl.
1110 CELEPHARN, Fourth King of Arthedain, b. TA 979, d. TA 1191
1149 ATANATAR II ALCARIN, Sixteenth King of Gondor, b. TA 977, d. TA 1226
c. 1150 The Fallohides (Periannath) enter Eriador.
The Stoors (Periannath) come over the Redhorn Pass and settle in the Angle and Dunland.
1191 CELEBRINDOR, Fifth King of Arthedain, b. TA 1062, d. TA 1272
1226 NARMACIL I, Seventeenth King of Gondor, b. TA 1049, d. TA 1294
He was the second childless king and was succeded by his brother Calmacil.
To rid himself of all cares, Narmacil he appointed his nephew Minalcar (son of Calmacil) to be Regent in TA 1240.
1248 Minalcar defeats the Easterlings and destroys their settlements east of the Sea of Rhûn.
1250 Minalcar sends his son, Valacar, as an ambassador to dwell with Vidugavia, King of Rhovanion. Valacar subsequently married Vidumavi, daughter of Vidugavia.
1272 MALVEGIL, Sixth King of Arthedain, b. TA 1144, d. TA 1349
1294 CALMACIL, Eighteenth King of Gondor, b. TA 1058, d. TA 1304
Minalcar, his son, continued as Regent throughout his reign.
c. 1300 The Lord of the Nazgûl moves north to Angmar, becoming its Witch-King.
Many Periannath migrate westward and settle at Bree.
1304 RÓMENDACIL II MINALCAR, Nineteenth King of Gondor, b. TA 1126, d. TA 1366
1349 ARGELEB I, Seventh King of Arthedain, b. TA 1226, d. TA 1356
Begining with Argeleb, the kings of Arthedain claimed dominion over all of Arnor and took names with the prefix Ar(a)- to symbolize such.
c. 1350 The Stoors flee the Angle, some recross the Misty Mountains and settle along the Gladden River.
1356 ARVELEG I, Eigth King of Arthedain, b. TA 1309, d. TA 1409
Argeleb I slain in battle with Rhudaur.
1366 VALACAR, Twentieth King of Gondor, b. TA 1194, d. TA 1432
1409 ARAPHOR, Ninth King of Arthedain, b. TA 1391, d. TA 1589
The Witch-king of Angmar invades Arnor, Arveleg I is slain. Cardolan and Rhudaur are overrun. The Tower of Amon Sûl is destroyed, but its palantír is saved and removed to Fornost.
1432 ELDACAR, Twenty-first King of Gondor, b. TA 1255, d. TA 1490
He was born in Rhovanion, his birth name was Vinitharya.
1432-1448 The Kin-strife of Gondor.
The Kingship of Eldacar is rejected by many of the people of Gondor. He is considered a half-breed as his mother was not of the Dúnedain and he was born in Rhovanion. Civil war breaks out upon his coronation (1432). After five years, the rebels, led by Castamir (a grandson of Calimehtar, brother of Rómendacil II Minalcar) beseige him in Osgiliath. The city is burnt and the master-palantír lost into the Anduin (1437). Eldcar flees to Rhovanion. Castamir declares himself the Twenty-second King. Ornendil son of Eldcar is executed. After ten years Eldacar raises an army and returns (1447). Eldacar slays Castamir. Castamir's sons flee to Pelargir, and from there (along with many other rebels) to Umbar.
1490 ALDAMIR, Twenth-third King of Gondor, b. TA 1330, d. TA 1540
He was the second son of Eldacar.
1540 HYARMENDACIL II VINYARION, Twenty-fourth King of Gondor, b. TA 1391, d. TA 1621
Aldamir is slain in battle with the Haradrim and the Corsairs of Umbar.
1589 ARGELEB II, Tenth King of Arthedain, b. TA 1473, d. TA 1670
1551 Hyarmendacil II defeats the Haradrim.
1601 Foundation of the Shire.
Argeleb II grants lands west of the Baranduin to the Periannath. Many of them (led by the Fallohide brothers, Marcho and Blanco) migrate west from Bree to settle those lands, which they called the Shire.
1621 MINARDIL, Twenty-fifth King of Gondor, b. TA 1454, d. TA 1634
The Seward of Gondor during the reigns of Kings Minardil and Telemnar was Húrin, from whom all later Stewards were descended.
c. 1630 Stoors from Dunland migrate north to the Shire.
1634 TELEMNAR, Twenty-sixth King of Gondor, b. TA 1516, d. TA 1636
Minardil is slain when the Corsairs of Umbar, led by Angomaitë and Sangahyando (great-grandsons of Castamir) ravage Pelargir. Upon taking the throne, Telemnar immediately begins fitting out a fleet to destroy Umbar - but the Plague ends his plans.
1636 TARONDOR, Twenty-seventh King of Gondor, b. TA 1577, d. TA 1798
The Great Plague.
The Plague began in Rhovanion in the winter of 1635. Half the people and horses of Rhovanion perished.
In Gondor, many people perish, especially in the cities. Calenardhon is significantly depopulated. Telemnar and all his children die. He was succeded by his nephew Tarondor, the son of Minastan, the second son of Minardil. The White Tree dies in Minas Anor.
The Plague desolates much of Eriador, although its effects lessened as it moved north-west. Even so, the Shire Periannath suffer great loss.
1640 Tarondor moves the King's House from Osgiliath to Minas Arnor, and plants a seedling of the White Tree. Osgiliath begins to fall into ruin. The guarding of Mordor ends.
1670 ARVEGIL, Eleventh King of Arthedain, b. TA 1553, d. TA 1743
1731 Birth of Durin IV, King of Durin's Folk, King of Moria, d. TA 1980
1743 ARVELEG II, Twelfth King of Arthedain, b. TA 1633, d. TA 1813
1798 TELUMEHTAR UMBARDACIL, Twenty-eighth King of Gondor, b. TA 1632, d. TA 1850
1810 Telumehtar retakes Umbar, and drives out the Corsairs.
1813 ARAVAL, Thirteenth King of Arthedain, b. TA 1711, d. TA 1891
1850 NARMACIL II, Twenty-ninth King of Gondor, b. TA 1684, d. TA 1856
1851 With assistance from Lindon and Imladris, Araval of Arthedain defeats Angmar. He seeks to reoccupy northern Cardolan, but evil wights terrify all who seek to dwell near.
The attacks on Gondor by the Wainriders begin.
1856 CALIMEHTAR, Thirtieth King of Gondor, b. TA 1736, d. TA 1936
The Battle of the Plains. Narmacil II leads an army north and meets the the Wainriders in battle on the plains south of Mirkwood. With him is an army of Northmen of Rhovanion led by Marhari (a descendant of Vidugavia). Narmacil is defeated, both he and Marhari fall. Gondor loses its eastern territories.

Eastern and southern Rhovanion are enslaved by the Wainriders. Some Northmen flee north and merge with the people of Dale. Others, led by Marhwini (son of Marhari), settled in the Vale of the Anduin between the Carrock and the Gladden - this is the begining of the Éothéod.
The Nazgûl re-enter Morder.
1879 Birth of Pelendur, Steward to King Ondoher of Gondor (d. TA 1998).
1891 ARAPHANT, Fourteenth King of Arthedain, b. TA 1789, d. TA 1964
1899 Calimehtar defeats the Wainriders on the Dagorlad.
1900 Calimehtar builds the White Tower in Minas Arnor.
1936 ONDOHER, Thirty-first King of Gondor, b. TA 1787, d. TA 1944
He had two sons, Artamir and Faramir, and a daughter, Fíriel.
The Seward of Gondor during the reigns of Kings Ondoher and Eärnil II was Pelendur.
1940 Arnor and Gondor renew communication and forge an alliance. Arvedui, heir to the throne of Arthedain, marries Fíriel, daughter of King Ondoher of Gondor.
1944 The Wainriders reappear and attack Gondor in great numbers, they forge an alliance with men from Khand and the Near Harad. Gondor is thus assailed from the north and the south. Ondoher and both his sons fall in battle north of Morannon. The Wainriders pour into North Ithilien.
However, Eärnil, Captain of the Southern Army defeats the southern invaders in South Ithilien. He turns north, gathers up the remnants of the Nothern Army, and destroys the Wainriders camped in North Ithilien.

Arvedui claims the throne of Gondor.
1945 EÄRNIL II, Thirty-second King of Gondor, b. TA 1883, d. TA 2043
Arvedui's claim is rejected and the crown is given to Eärnil (son of Siriondil, son of Calimmacil, son of Narmacil II).
1950 Birth of Imrazôr, father of Galador, first Prince of Dol Amroth.
1964 ARVEDUI, Fifteenth King of Arthedain, b. TA 1864, d. TA 1975
1974-1975 The End of the Northern Kingdom.
The Witch-king overruns Arthedain and takes Fornost (1974). Arvedui is shipwrecked in the Bay of Forochel, the palantíri of Annúminas and Amon Sûl are lost with him. Eärnur, son of King Eärnil of Gondor, brings a fleet to Lindon. The Witch-King is defeated in the Battle of Fornost, and is pursued to the Ettenmoors. He vanishes from the North (1975).
1976 ARANARTH, First Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 1938, d. TA 2106
Aranarth, son of Arvedui, takes the title Chieftan of the Dúnedain. The heirlooms of Arnor are given to Elrond for safe-keeping.
1977 Frumgar leads the Éothéod north to the region around the source of the Anduin.
1979 Bucca of the Marish, First Thain of the Shire.
1980 Náin I, King of Durin's Folk, King of Moria, b. TA 1832, d. TA 1981.
The Dwarves awaken a Balrog in Moria, it slays Durin IV.
The Witch-king enters Mordor and gathers the Nazgûl.
1981 Thráin I, King of Durin's Folk, King Under the Mountain, b. TA 1934, d. TA 2190.[2]
The Dwarves flee Moria after the Balrog slays Náin I.
Many Elves flee Lórien. Amroth, King of Lórien, is lost at sea.
Mithrellas, a companion of Nimrodel (the beloved of Amroth) is lost in the woods of Belfalas and is taken in by Imrazôr, a Dúnadan of the area. They wed, and Mithrellas bears a son (Galador) and a daughter (Gilmith). After a few years Mithrellas vanishes.
1998 Vorondil, Steward of Gondor, b. TA 1919, d. TA 2029
1999 Thráin I moves to Erebor and founds the Kingdom under the Mountain.
2000-2002 Fall of Minas Ithil.
The Nazgûl issue for Mordor and beseige it (2000). It falls, and its palantír is captured (2002). Henceforth it is known as Minas Morgul.
2043 EÄRNUR, Thirty-third King of Gondor, b. TA 1928, missing TA 2050
He is challenged by the Witch-king to single combat. He renames Minas Anor to Minas Tirith.
2024 Galador, First Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2004, d. TA 2129     [3]
2029 Mardil Voronwë, Steward of Gondor, b. TA 1991, d. TA 1960
2050 MARDIL VORONWË, First Ruling Steward of Gondor, d. TA 2080
Eärnur rides to Minas Morgul to accept the challenge of the Witch-king, he does not return. As no undisputed claimant to the throne can be found, the Stewards took the rule of Gondor.
2063 Mithrandir goes to Dol Guldor, Sauron retreats into the East.
2080 ERADAN, Second Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 1999, d. TA 2116
2106 ARAHAEL, Second Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2012, d. TA 2177
2190 Thorin I, King of Durin's Folk, King Under the Mountain, b. TA 2035, d. TA 2289.
2116 HERION, Third Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2037, d. TA 2148
2129 Second Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2060, d. TA 2203
His name is not recorded.
2148 BELEGORN, Fourth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2074, d. TA 2204
2177 ARANUIR, Third Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2084, d. TA 2247
2203 Third Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2120, d. TA 2254
His name is not recorded.
2204 HÚRIN I, Fifth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2124, d. TA 2244
2210 Thorin I leaves Erebor and moves north to the Ered Mithrin.
2244 TÚRIN I, Sixth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2165, d. TA 2278
2247 ARAVIR, Fourth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2165, d. TA 2319
2254 Fourth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2172, d. TA 2299
His name is not recorded.
2278 HADOR, Seventh Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2244, d. TA 2395
The last recorded man of Gondor to reach 150 years of age.
2289 Glóin, King of Durin's Folk, b. TA 2136, d. TA 2385.
2299 Fifth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2225, d. 2348
His name is not recorded.
2319 ARAGORN I, Fifth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2227, d. TA 2327
2327 ARAGLAS, Sixth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2296, d. TA 2455
Aragorn I is slain by wolves.
2340 Isumbras I, Thirteenth Thain of the Shire
First Thain of the Took line.
The Oldbucks cross the Baranduin and occupy Buckland.
2348 Sixth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2274, d. 2400
His name is not recorded.
2385 Óin, King of Durin's Folk, b. TA 2238, d. TA 2488.
2395 BARAHIR, Eighth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2290, d. TA 2412
2400 Seventh Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2324, d. TA 2458
His name is not recorded.
2412 DIOR, Ninth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2328, d. TA 2435
He was childless, and was succeded by Denethor, the son of his sister Rían.
2435 DENETHOR I, Tenth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2375, d. TA 2477
2455 ARAHAD I, Seventh Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2365, d. TA 2523
2458 Eighth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2373, d. TA 2498
His name is not recorded.
2460 Sauron returns to Dol Guldor.
2463 The White Council is formed.
Around this time Déagol the Stoor retrieves the One Ring from the water at the Gladden Fields. He is promptly murdered by Sméagol, who takes the Ring. Sméagol is later given the name Gollum.
c. 2470 Gollum moves to the Misty Mountains.
2475 Orcs from Mordor attack Ithilien and capture Osgiliath. Boromir, son of Denethor I, defeats them and drives them from Ithilien. Osgiliath is ruined and its bridge broken.
2477 BOROMIR, Eleventh Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2410, d. TA 2489
c. 2480 Orcs begin to make stongholds in the Misty Mountains and Sauron begins to populate Moria with his own creatures.
2488 Náin II, King of Durin's Folk, b. TA 2338, d. TA 2585.
2489 CIRION, Twelvth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2499, d. TA 2567
2498 Nineth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2418, d. TA 2540
His name is not recorded.
2509 Celebrían, wife of Elrond, whilst travelling to Lórien, is captured by Orcs and receives a poisoned wound. She is subsequently rescued by her sons, and healed by Elrond. But she wearies of Middle-earth.
2510 Eorl the Young, First King of Rohan, b. TA 2485, d. TA 2545
Foundation of the Kingdom of Rohan ...
Celebrían departs Middle-earth into the West
2523 ARAGOST, Eighth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2431, d. TA 2588
2540 Tenth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2463, d. TA 2582
His name is not recorded.
2545 Brego, Second King of Rohan, b. TA 2512, d. TA 2570
Eorl falls in battle on the Wold.
2567 HALLAS, Thirteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2480, d. TA 2605
2569 Brego completes building Meduseld. At the feast Baldor his son vows to enter the Paths of the Dead. He does not return.
2570 Aldor the Old, Third King of Rohan, b. TA 2544, d. TA 2654
Brego dies of grief following the loss of Baldor. Aldor was the second son of Brego.
2582 Eleventh Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2505, d. TA 2623
His name is not recorded.
2585 Dáin I, King of Durin's Folk, b. TA 2440, d. TA 2589.
He had three sons: Thrór, Frór and Grór
2588 ARAVORN, Ninth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2497, d. TA 2654
2589 Thrór, King of Durin's Folk, King Under the Mountain, b. TA 2542, d. TA 2790.
Dáin I and his second son, Frór, are slain by a dragon.
2590 Thrór returns to Erebor, whilst his brother Grór goes to the Iron Hills.
2605 HÚRIN II, Fourteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2515, d. TA 2628
2623 Twelfth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2546, d. TA 2660
His name is not recorded.
2628 BELECTHOR I, Fifteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2545, d. TA 2655
2645 Fréa, Fourth King of Rohan, b. TA 2570, d. TA 2659
2654 ARAHAD II, Tenth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2563, d. TA 2719
2655 ORODRETH, Sixteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2576, d. TA 2685
2659 Frëawine, Fifth King of Rohan, b. TA 2594, d. TA 2680
2660 Thirteenth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2588, d. TA 2701
c. 2670 Tobold Hornblower a Perian of the Southfarthing of the Shire grows the first pipe-weed (sweet galenas) in his garden.[4]
2680 Goldwine, Sixth King of Rohan, b. TA 2619, d. TA 2699
2683 Isengrim II, Twenty-second Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2620, d. TA 2722
Tenth Thain of the Took line, he begins excavating the Great Smials.[5]
2685 ECTHELION I, Seventh Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2600, d. TA 2698
He was childless, and was succeded by Egalmoth, the grandson of Morwen, sister of Steward Orodreth.
2698 EGALMOTH, Eighteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2626, d. TA 2743
Ecthelion I rebuilds the White Tower in Minas Tirith.
2699 Déor, Seventh King of Rohan, b. TA 2644, d. TA 2718
2701 Fourteenth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2627, d. TA 2733
His name is not recorded.
2710 The Dunlendings occupy Angrenost and cannot be removed.
2718 Gram, Eighth King of Rohan, b. TA 2668, d. TA 2741
2719 ARASSUIL, Eleventh Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2628, d. TA 2784
2722 Isumbras III, Twenty-third Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2666, d. TA 2759
Eleventh Thain of the Took line.
2733 Fifteenth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2671, d. TA 2746
His name is not recorded.
2741 Helm Hammerhand, Ninth King of Rohan, b. TA 2691, d. TA 2759
2743 BEREN, Ninteenth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2655, d. TA 2763
2746 Sixteenth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2709, d. TA 2799
His name is not recorded.
The Fifteenth Prince is slain by the Corsairs of Umbar, in an unrecorded conflict.
2747 The Battle of Green Fields. Bandobras Took defeats on Orc-band that invades the Shire from the North.
2758-2759 The Long Winter. Gondor is attacked by fleets of the Corsairs of Umbar, some land as far north as the mouth of the Angren (2758). Rohan is attacked from the east and the west (2758). From the east by Easterlings. From the west by the Dunlendings, led by Wulf and assisted by the Corsairs. Helm retreats to Aglarond and is beseiged. Edoras falls to the Dunlendings and Wulf declares himself King. Helm's son Haleth falls defending Edoras. Helm perishes at Aglarond. The winter breaks (2759). Fréaláf (son of Hild, Helm's sister) regains Edoras and kills Wulf. Gondor sends aid to Rohan by the roads both east and west of the Ered Nimrais. The Easterlings and the Dunlendings are driven out (even from Angrenost).
Due to the winter, there is great loss of life among the Shire Periannath, Mithrandir comes to their aid.
2759 Fréaláf Hildeson, Tenth King of Rohan, b. TA 2726, d. TA 2798
Curunír receives the keys of Orthanc from Steward Beren of Gondor. He attends the coronation of Fréaláf, and soon after takes up residence in Angrenost.

Ferumbras II, Twenty-fourth Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2701, d. TA 2801
Twelfth Thain of the Took line.
2763 BEREGOND, Twentieth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2700, d. TA 2811
2770 Smaug the winged dragon invades Erebor. Thrór escapes with his son, Thráin, and grandson, Thorin. They flee south eventually settle in Dunland. Dale is destroyed, and Girion, its Lord, is slain.
2784 ARATHORN I, Twelfth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2693, d. TA 2848
2790 Thráin II, King of Durin's Folk, b. TA 2644, d. TA 2850.
Thrór enters the East Gate of Moria and is slain by Azog, an Orc chieftan.
2790-2799 The War of the Dwarves and the Orcs.
2798 Brytta, Eleventh King of Rohan, b. TA 2752, d. TA 2842
2799 Seventeenth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2746, d. TA 2859
His name is not recorded.
The Sixteenth Prince is slain in an unrecorded battle, probably related to the Orcs' attempts to occupy the Ered Nimrais.
2800-2864 Orcs, driven from the Misty Mountains by the Dwarves, trouble Rohan as they attempt to establish themselves in the Ered Nimrais.
2801 Fortinbras I, Twenty-fifth Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2745, d. TA 2848
Thirteenth Thain of the Took line.
2802 Thráin II settles in the south of the Ered Luin.
2811 BELECTHOR II, Twenty-first Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2752, d. TA 2872
2841 Thráin II sets out to revisit Erebor.
2842 Walda, Twelfth King of Rohan, b. TA 2780, d. TA 2851
2845 Thráin II is captured by servants of Sauron and imprisoned in Dol Guldor, Sauron takes the last of the Seven Rings from him.
2848 ARGONUI, Thirteenth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2757, d. TA 2912
Gerontius I 'The Old Took', Twenty-sixth Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2790, d. TA 2920
Fourteenth Thain of the Took line.
2850 Thorin II Oakenshield, King of Durin's Folk, King Under the Mountain, b. TA 2746, d. TA 2941.
Mithrandir returns to Dol Guldor, and discovers that its master is Sauron. He finds Thráin II and is given the key of Erebor. Thráin II dies.
2851 Folca, Thirteenth King of Rohan, b. TA 2804, d. TA 2864
Walda is trapped and slain by Orcs whilst riding mountain-paths from Dunharrow.
The White Council meets. Gandalf urges an attack on Dol Guldor. Saruman overrules him and begins to search for the One Ring around the Gladden Fields.
2859 Eighteenth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2785, d. TA 2899
His name is not recorded.
2864 Folcwine, Fourteenth King of Rohan, b. TA 2830, d. TA 2903
Folca dies from tusk-wounds received whilst slaying the great boar of Everholt in the Firien Wood.
Folcwine had three sons: Folcred and Fastred (twins b. TA 2858) and Fengel.
2872 THORONDIR, Twenty-second Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2782, d. TA 2882
The White Tree dies, as no seedling can be found the Dead Tree is left standing.
2882 TÚRIN II, Twenty-third Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2815, d. TA 2914
2885 Stirred up by emissaries of Sauron, the Haradrim cross the Poros and attack Gondor. Gondor appeals to Rohan for assistance. King Folcwine sends a force commanded by Folcred and Fastred, his twin sons. They fall in battle in Ithilien. Steward Túrin II sends Folcwine a rich weregild of gold.
2890 Birth of Bilbo Baggins, sailed into the West TA 3021. One of the Bearers of the One Ring.
2899 Aglahad, Nineteenth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2827, d. TA 2932
2901 The secret refuge of Henneth Annûn is established in Ithilien.
2903 Fengel, Fifteenth King of Rohan, b. TA 2870, d. TA 2953
He had two daughters and a son, Thengel. Owing to strife with his father Thengel left Rohan when he came to manhood and lived long in Gondor, and won honor in the service of Steward Turgon.
2911 The Fell Winter. The Baranduin and other northern rivers freeze. White wolves invade Eriador from the North.
2912 ARADOR, Fourteenth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2820, d. TA 2930
Great floods devestate Enedwaith and Minhiriath, Tharbad is ruined and deserted.
2914 TURGON, Twenty-fourth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2855, d. TA 2953
2920 Isengrim III, Twenty-seventh Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2832, d. TA 2930
Fifteenth Thain of the Took line, he died childless and was succeded by his brother Isumbras IV.
2929 Arathorn, son of Arador (Chieftan of the Dúnedain) marries Gilraen (TA 2907-3007)
2930 ARATHORN II, Fifteenth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2873, d. TA 2933
Arador is slain by trolls in the mountains north of Imladris.
Isumbras IV, Twenty-eigth Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2838, d. TA 2939
Sixteenth Thain of the Took line.
2931 Birth of Aragorn II, Sixteenth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, later King Elessar of Arnor and Gondor. One of the Nine Companions of the Ring.
2932 Angelimir, Twentieth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2866, d. TA 2977
2933 Arathorn II dies in battle with Orcs. Gilraen his wife takes their son, Aragorn II, to Imladris. There he was raised by Elrond, but his true identity is hidden from him until he reaches 20 years of age.
2939 Fortinbras II, Twenty-ninth Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2878, d. TA 2980
Seventeenth Thain of the Took line.
2941 Dáin II Ironfoot, King of Durin's Folk, King Under the Mountain, b. TA 2767, d. TA 3019.
The Quest of Erebor. Thorin II and thirteen companions (including Bilbo Baggins), guided by Mithrandir, set out for Erebor. In the west of Eriador they find the ancient swords Glamdring and Orcrist. Mithrandir takes Glamdring, and Thorin Orcrist. While crossing the Misty Mountains they are attacked and seperated. Bilbo Baggins flees into the depths and there finds the One Ring (which had abandoned Gollum). Bilbo meets Gollum, but escapes with the Ring. Reunited, the Quest reaches Erebor and arouses Smaug - who attacks Esgaroth and is shot by Bard (heir of Girion, Lord of Dale). Thorin II delares himself King Under the Mountain. Thranduil and Bard march to the gates of Erebor to seek a share of the treasure. Thorin sends to the Iron Hills for reinforcements from his kinsman Dáin Ironfoot. Bolg, son of Azog, leads an orkish host down from the Misty Mountains. The Battle of the Five Armies. Thorin II falls, as do his sister-sons Fíli and Kíli. Bolg is slain by Beorn. Thorin, who died childless, is succeded by Dáin.
The White Council attack Dol Guldor. Sauron, as long planned, abandons it and removes to Mordor.
2943 Thengel of Rohan marries Morwen of Lossarnach.
In Gondor, she bares him two daughters and a son, Théoden.
2944 Bard, King of Dale, d. TA 2977.
Dale is rebuilt.
2951 ARAGORN II, Sixteenth Chieftan of the Dúnedain, b. TA 2931
Elrond reveal to Aragorn II his true name and identity, and gives him the shards of Narsil and the Ring of Barahir. He first meets Arwen, daughter of Elrond.
Sauron declares himself openly and begins rebuilding the Barad-dûr. He send three Nazgûl to reoccupy Dol Guldor.
2953 ECTHELION II, Twenty-fifth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2886, d. TA 2984
Thengel, Sixteenth King of Rohan, b. TA 2905, d. TA 2980
He is recalled by Rohan, following the death of Fengel, and returns reluctantly.
In Rohan his wife bares two more daughters, the younger is Théodwyn (b. TA 2963).
The last meeting of the White Council, Curunír claims to have discovered that the One Ring has rolled down the Anduin to the Sea. He begins to keep agents in Bree and the Shire.
2954 Orodruin bursts into flame. The last inhabitants of Ithilien flee over the Anduin.
2957-2980 Aragorn II travels widely and, as "Thorongil", serves both Thengel of Rohan and Steward Ecthelion II of Gondor.
2968 Birth of Frodo Baggins, sailed into the West TA 3021. One of the Nine Companions of the Ring, and one of the Bearers of the One Ring.
2977 Adrahil, Twenty-first Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2917, d. TA 3010
Bain, King of Dale, d. TA 3007.
2978 Birth of Boromir, elder son of Steward Denethor II of Gondor. One of the Nine Companions of the Ring.
2980 Théoden, Seventeenth King of Rohan, b. TA 2948, d. TA 3019
Aragorn II and Arwen plight their troth in Lórien upon the hill of Cerin Amroth, he gives her the Ring of Barahir.
Ferumbras III, Thirtieth Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2916, d. TA 3015
Eighteenth Thain of the Took line, he never married and was succeded by his cousin Paladin II.
2981 Birth of Samwise Gamgee, sailed into the West FA 61. One of the Nine Companions of the Ring.
2982 Birth of Meriadoc Brandybuck. Later Master of Buckland. One of the Nine Companions of the Ring.
2983 Birth of Faramir, younger son of Steward Denethor II of Gondor.
2984 DENETHOR II, Twenty-sixth Ruling Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2930, d. TA 3019
He married Finduilas of Dol Amroth (b. TA 2950, d. TA 2988) in TA 2976.
2989 Balin leads a company of Dwarves from Erebor to Moria, in an attempt to reoccupy it. Balin is slain, and the colony destroyed, five years later in TA 2994.
2990 Birth of Peregrin Took. One of the Nine Companions of the Ring.
c. 3000 Curunír dares to use the palantír of the Orthanc, and is ensnared by Sauron.
3001 Bilbo Baggins passes the One Ring to Frodo Baggins and departs the Shire. He settles in Imladris the following year.
3007 Brand, King of Dale, d. TA 3019.
3010 Imrahil, Twenty-second Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2955, d. TA 3054
3015 Paladin II, Thirty-first Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2933, d. FA 13
Nineteenth Thain of the Took line.
3018-3019 The War of the Ring.
3019 ELESSAR, First King of the Reunited Kingdom of Arnor and Gondor , d. FA 120
Aragorn II, Chieftan of the Dúnedain of the North, is crowned King of both Arnor and Gondor, taking the name Elessar. On Mid-year's Day he marries Arwen, daughter of Elrond.
Faramir, First Prince of Ithilien, Steward of Gondor, b. TA 2983, d. FA 83.
Denethor II takes his own life during the seige of Minas Tirith. Boromir, his elder son is slain when the Fellowship of the Ring are attacked at Parth Galen.

Éomer, Eighteenth King of Rohan, b. TA 2991, d. FA 63
The Lord of the Nazgûl slays Théoden in the Battle of the Pelennor Field before the gate of Minas Tirith.
Thorin III Stonehelm, King of Durin's Folk, King Under the Mountain, b. TA 2866
Bard II, King of Dale
Both Kings Dáin II Ironfoot and Brand fall before the gates of Erebor.
3020 Prince Faramir of Ithilien marries Éowyn, sister of King Éomer of Rohan.
3021 The Keepers of the Three Rings (Elrond, Galadriel, and Mithrandir), accompanied by the Bearers of the One (Bilbo and Frodo Baggins) sail into the West. End of the Third Age.
Years of the Fourth Age ...
1 King Éomer of Rohan marries Lothíriel, fourth and youngest child of Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth.
6 Samwise Gamgee elected Mayor of the Shire. He holds the office until FA 55.
Peregrin Took marries Diamond of Long Cleave.
Elessar issues a decree forbidding Men from entering the Shire. He places the Shire under the protection of the Northern Kingdom.
11 Meriadoc Brandybuck becomes Master of Buckland.
13 Peregrin I, Thirty-second Thain of the Shire, b. TA 2990
Twentieth Thain of the Took line.
Elessar appoints the Thain, the Mayor of the Shire, and the Master of Buckland to be Counsellors of the Northern Kingdom.
15 Elessar and Arwen ride north, and dwell for a while on the shores of Nenuial.
21 Mayor Samwise accompanied by his wife Rose and daughter Elanor visit Gondor for a year. Tolman Cotton acts as deputy Mayor.
31 Elessar issues a decree adding the Westmarch (the region between the Far Downs and the Emyn Beraid) to the Shire.
34 Elphir, Twenty-third Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 2987, d. FA 67
61 Samwise Gamgee sails over the Sea.
63 Elfwine the Fair, Ninteenth King of Rohan
Faramir I, Thirty-third Thain of the Shire, b. FA 9
Twenty-first Thain of the Took line.
Thain Peregrin Took and Master Meriadoc Brandybuck resign their offices and ride south. They visit King Éomer in Edoras, before his death. They then ride on to Minas Tirith, where they spend their last years.
67 Alphros, Twenty-fourth Prince of Dol Amroth, b. TA 3017, d. FA 95
83 Elboron, Second Prince of Ithilien, Steward of Gondor
95 Twenty-fifth Prince of Dol Amroth
His name is not recorded.
120 ELDARION, Second King of the Reunited Kingdom of Arnor and Gondor, b. c. FA 20, d. c. FA 220[6]
Legolas and Gimili sail into the West.

Notes:

  1. Isildur and Anárion were brothers and joinly ruled Gondor. However, they were under the authority of their father, Elendil, in the North. Thus Arnor and Gondor were legally one United High-Kingdom. As far as Gondor was concerned this Union ended with the death of Isildur. The response of the Council of Gondor to Arvedui's claim on the throne makes clear they believed that Isildur relinquished the kingship of Gondor to Meneldil. Arvedui disagreed, claiming it was never intended that the realm of Elendil should be divided.
    Whatever the case legally, in practice the two Kingdoms were divided at the death of Isildur. As it is unlikely that Meneldil, the Númenórean born son of Anárion, would have considered Valandil, his Middle-earth born and very much younger cousin, to have any authority over him.
  2. I have described the Kings of Durin's Folk as Kings Under the Mountain even if they only ruled Erebor for part of their reign.
  3. It is not actually recorded when Galador was appointed Prince of Dol Amroth. But it must have been before TA 2050 ,because HoMe 12:222 states that the Principality had come into being before "the ending of the Kings." For present purposes I have assumed he was appointed when he 'came of age' at 20 years. Of course it may have been later.
  4. This date is according to The Tale of the Years (LotR App. B). Although it may have been later, as the LotR Prologue says that Tobold first grew pipe-weed during the reign of Thain Isengrim II.
  5. The Tale of the Years (LotR App. B) actually just says that Isengrim II was the tenth Thain, but the family tree of the Tooks of Geat Smials (LotR App. C) makes clear it means the tenth of the Took line.
  6. Eldarion's death date (c. FA 220) is taken from HoMe 12:410 where Tolkien says that the "... end of the reign of Eldarion [was] about 100 years after the death of Aragorn." The birst date (c. FA 20) is an estimate based on the assumption that Eldarion lived around 200 years. In addition, it has been speculated that the visit of Mayor Samwise and Rose to Gondor (FA 21) may have been prompted by news of the birth of the King's heir.

 

 

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Go to: Stephen Geard's A History and Complete Chronology of Númenor