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The Sumo Dictionary
BashoA sumo tournament. In a sanctioned competition, consists of seven or fifteen bouts held over a two week period.
Hon_bashoAny of six official basho held in each odd numbered month by the Sumo Kyokai. Only these contests count in the official scores used to rank the rikishi.
BanzukeThe official list of all participating rikishi in a tournament.
HigashiEast (the more prestigious division of the banzuke)
MakuuchiThe division containing the top five ranks in Sumo: yokozuna, ozeki, sekiwake,komusubi and maegashira.
YushoA tournament victory. A rikishi wins a yusho by winning more matches than any other in his division, or if two or men are tied, by being triumphant in a playoff.
Kachi_koshiIn a tournament, attaining the number of wins that assures a better than even percentage. Out of 15 bouts, for example, a rikishi is said to be kachi_koshi at that point where he tallies 8 wins.
KadobanOnly applies to Ozeki; An Ozeki is said to be kadoban when he lost 8 or more in the previous tournament, and if he does so again, he will be demoted.
DohyoThe clay ring in which a sumo match takes place.
RikishiA Sumo "wrestler."
SekitoriA rikishi in the ranks from juryo to yokozuna.
JuryoThe rank below maegashira; the lowest of the sekitori.
MaegashiraThe rank below komusubi and above juryo; the lowest of the makuuchi division. Hiramaku Another name for the rank of maegashira.
KomusubiOne of the two sanyaku ranks, 4th from the top.
SekiwakeThe rank below ozeki and above komusubi.The junior champion rank of Sumo. Usually two to four rikishi hold this rank.
OzekiThe second rank from the top, below yokozuna.
YokozunaThe top rank in Sumo. Presently two rikishi hold this rank, from which one cannot be demoted.